Gum Disease and Treatment

Oct 25, 2023


At Teeth At Tiong Bahru, a reputable dental clinic offering services in General Dentistry, Dentists, and Orthodontists, we understand the importance of maintaining healthy gums. Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a common oral health issue that affects many individuals. In this article, we will provide a comprehensive overview of gum disease and its various treatment options.

The Importance of Healthy Gums

Gums play a crucial role in oral health, supporting and protecting the teeth. Healthy gums are firm, pale pink, and fit snugly around each tooth. However, poor oral hygiene, inadequate dental care, unhealthy lifestyle choices, and certain medical conditions can lead to gum disease, causing a range of unpleasant symptoms and potentially damaging your overall oral health.

It is essential to understand that gum disease is preventable and treatable, especially if detected early. Regular dental check-ups and proper oral hygiene practices can go a long way in maintaining healthy gums and preventing the progression of gum disease.

Understanding Gum Disease

What is Gum Disease?

Gum disease is an infection of the tissues that support the teeth. It starts with the buildup of plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth. When plaque is not adequately removed through brushing and flossing, it can harden into tartar, irritating and inflaming the gums.

The two main stages of gum disease are:

  1. Gingivitis: This is the early stage of gum disease, characterized by red, swollen, and bleeding gums. At this stage, the damage is reversible with proper treatment and improved oral hygiene.
  2. Periodontitis: If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, where the gum tissues and bone that support the teeth are damaged. This can lead to tooth loss and other complications.

Common Causes of Gum Disease

While poor oral hygiene is a leading cause, gum disease can also develop due to the following factors:

  • Smoking and tobacco use
  • Hormonal changes (e.g., during pregnancy or menopause)
  • Diabetes
  • Genetic predisposition
  • Poor nutrition
  • Certain medications
  • Stress
  • Compromised immune system

Treatment Options


When you visit Teeth At Tiong Bahru for gum disease treatment, our experienced dental professionals will conduct a thorough examination to assess the extent of the disease. This may include examining your gums, measuring the space between your gums and teeth, and taking dental X-rays to evaluate bone loss, if any.

Non-Surgical Treatment

If your gum disease is diagnosed at an early stage, non-surgical treatment options may be recommended, such as:

  • Professional Dental Cleaning: Our dental hygienists will carefully remove plaque and tartar from your teeth and gums, smoothing the tooth surface to prevent further bacteria buildup.
  • Scaling and Root Planing: This procedure involves deep cleaning below the gum line to effectively remove plaque, tartar, and bacteria from the root surfaces of your teeth.
  • Antibiotics: In some cases, antibiotics might be prescribed to control infection and aid in the healing process.
  • Antimicrobial Mouth Rinse: We may recommend specific mouth rinses to reduce plaque and control bacteria growth.

Surgical Treatment

If your gum disease has advanced to a severe stage, surgical intervention may be necessary. Some common surgical treatments include:

  • Flap Surgery: This procedure involves lifting the gums to remove tartar and perform a deep cleaning. It also allows for the repositioning of the gum tissue to reduce pocket size.
  • Bone Grafting: If bone loss has occurred, a bone graft may be required to regenerate the lost bone tissue and provide support to the teeth.
  • Gum Grafting: In cases where the gum tissue has receded, gum grafting can help restore a more aesthetically pleasing gumline and protect the exposed tooth roots.

Prevention Tips

Prevention is key when it comes to gum disease. To help maintain healthy gums, follow these essential tips:

  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste.
  • Floss daily to remove plaque and debris from between the teeth.
  • Maintain a balanced diet, limiting sugary foods and drinks.
  • Avoid tobacco products and limit alcohol consumption.
  • Visit your dentist regularly for check-ups and professional cleanings.


Gum disease can have serious consequences if left untreated, but with the right care and prompt treatment, you can prevent its progression and maintain a healthy smile. At Teeth At Tiong Bahru, our skilled dental team specializes in General Dentistry, Dentists, and Orthodontists, and we are committed to providing the highest quality care to help you overcome gum disease and achieve optimal oral health.

For more information or to schedule an appointment, visit our website or contact our friendly team today.

gum disease and treatment
Cuong Dao
Great information on gum disease and treatment options! 👍🦷
Nov 7, 2023
Sandra Stern
Great article! 🦷 It's important to take care of our gums for overall dental health! 😁
Oct 28, 2023